Ideology and International Relations in the Modern World (The New International History)
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Furthermore, the terms by which the institutions of international society engage with these security threats has been rearticulated within a discourse of liberal humanitarianism in which human rather than state security has become the main referent. The module is in two parts. The first part examines and debates a range of competing theories and concepts of security.
The second part examines some contemporary security threats with implications for international politics. These will include, among other subjects: inter and intra-state conflict; the role and future of international and regional security institutions; the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; international terrorism and the war on terror; cyber-warfare and transnational crime; and development, resources and conflict. Current examples include:.
This module explores the interaction between US domestic and foreign politics. It seeks to understand the way that domestic political dynamics influence foreign policy and the role of the US in the broader international arena. The module will also examine a number of contemporary issues currently faced by the US, which are likely to shape US foreign policy and security strategy for the foreseeable future: conflict in the Middle East; the threat of Islamist terrorism; the economic rise of China; global nuclear proliferation; the challenges posed by Russia; and the broader issue of global climate change.
This module introduces students to the study of the political dynamics and conflicts currently affecting the Middle East. It will provide a historical overview of the roots of these contemporary conflicts in that region throughout the twentieth century to the present day, exploring the legacy of imperialism, the rise of Arab nationalism post-Second World War, the emergence of the state of Israel and the implications of the ongoing Israel-Palestine conflict, the Iranian Revolution, the Sunni-Shia conflict, the Arab Spring and the rise of radical Islam.
It will also examine the broader implications of these dynamics for the international system. The module is divided into three parts. The first part, Theoretical and Methodological Overview, offers an introduction to the main theories and debates about the Middle East. We will look at key approaches to the Middle East in International Relations and the Areas Studies, examining major differences and limits of these theories, as well as the effects of the so-called Orientalist debate, and its association with colonialism and state formation in the region.
The Palgrave Macmillan History of International Thought
The second part, Identity and Politics in the Middle East, inquires into the role of identities and ideologies in the politics of the Middle East. We will examine the ideological battle between nationalism, Arabism, tribalism, and political Islam in the twentieth century, discussing how different actors have negotiated between national, sub-national and super-national ties.
We will examine the interaction between the different states in the region the Gulf monarchies, the Israeli-Palestinian setting, the Arab Republics , international actors and the overall social context of Arab countries. This module combines a variety of approaches from history, sociology, and political economy in the study of the global political economy.
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Its focus will be on the connection between international economic integration and domestic socio-economic transformation in the making of the contemporary world order. Further, we will examine how theories have shaped policies in the context of increasing integration of the global economy. Your remaining 45 credits are then chosen from a general list provided annually by the Department or from the above.
The module approaches questions of politics through a very expansive definition of the term, treating cinema, animation, manga, and other popular cultural forms as important sites for the articulation of political anxieties and concerns, which are not necessarily reflected in more conventional forms of political activity, such as political debates, deliberations of the Diet and so on. This module investigates the history of European society since This historical overview is divided into four thematic sections of several lectures each:.
These themes reflect the unique changes in Europe since , which still make this a valid periodisation today. A critical and historical study of political thinking and political argument in the United Kingdom since the early twentieth century to the present day, examining liberalism, socialism, conservatism, anarchism, feminism, the rise of the modern state, the nature of politics, and the character of the political community. The module examines the work of important thinkers from the William Morris and the Webbs through George Orwell and Virginia Woolf to the present day.
This course introduces students to the study of international trade. Topics covered include the basics of classical and neoclassical trade theory, economies of scale, international factor mobil-ity, firms in the global economy, and the effect of trade on wages and income distribution. We will also discuss the tools used by governments to conduct trade policy e. Finally, we will turn our attention to the experience of developing countries in the global economy in order to examine key debates on trade and development, trade liberalisation, trade policies and development strategies.
The purpose of the course is to provide students with a set of theoretical tools and concepts that will enable them to understand and systematically analyse the monetary side of the international economy.
Ideology and International Relations in the Modern World - Alan Cassels - Google книги
Key topics covered include the balance of payments, the determination of ex-change rates, interest rates, and prices in open economies, different exchange rate regimes fixed vs. We will also employ this theory to better understand recent issues such as the persistence of the US current account deficit; the creation of the Euro and the future of the US Dollar as the key international currency; the nature and consequences of financial crises.
Students are expected to come out of this course with a deeper understanding of international monetary theory and related economic policy issues. Yet from the moment of its birth, liberalism has been subjected to sharp criticism, and alternatives to it have been and continue to be urged. This module is an introduction to liberal theory; to the circumstances of its historical emergence and, in particular, to the concepts and values which are central to liberal thought.
It aims to promote critical reflection upon the political and ethical values that underlie Western liberal democracies. Having examined the core values of liberalism, we proceed to consider critiques - communitarian, feminist and Marxist - of liberalism. A second aim of this subject is to promote intellectual engagement with, and evaluation of, critiques of liberal theory and of liberal society.
This module sets out to analyse, critique and experiment with the politics of everyday life. It starts from the position that the study of daily life or what the French call le quotidian provides a necessary concrete specificity with which to address, engage with, or resist a range of important issues. In this module we examine the modern tradition of political thought. Students will be introduced to the major figures in this tradition — English thinkers such as Hobbes, Locke and Mill and continental thinkers such as Rousseau and Marx. Through these thinkers, we will explore key themes and concepts such as sovereignty, justice, human nature, property, rights, liberty, democracy and equality.
To this end, the module is split into two broad parts. The first part guides you through the main thematic approaches to political economy in order to examine the principle concepts theorists have used to understand and explain economic processes. The second part seeks to apply these concepts to contemporary economic issues and questions.
It seeks to both clarify and examine the various understandings of the market and the state which have shaped the direction of economic research, so that you can finish the module with a clear understanding of the various ideas, concerns and beliefs which motivate real-world political economic arguments. This module is concerned with the visual and its discursive political effects.
It starts from the premise that vision is not merely a neutral way of seeing the world, but rather is intimately bound up with the political. In studying these issues, the module will explore topics as diverse as aesthetics, censorship, surveillance, documentary and blockbuster film making, mapping and cartography, travel writing and memory, cosmetic surgery and the visual elements of class politics.
The module will consist of weekly lectures and seminars, as well as fortnightly film-screenings.
This module explores the contemporary security agenda in world politics. It addresses both theoretical debates over the nature of security and the range of phenomena currently identified as security threats. The module takes as its point of entry the emergence in the post-Cold War world of the idea of human security, which challenged the traditional view that the state was the primary referent of security. This module is experimental and speculative in nature.
Its chief aim is to question the priority accorded to theories and perspectives of the International emanating from the North. It will draw upon different materials taken from Postcolonial and subaltern studies, historiography, development theory, and the margins of contemporary IR as well as non-traditional authors.
The module is split in two halves: the first dealing with novel perspectives and new critiques from the perspective of Southern authors; the second applying these tools to a re-evaluation of the traditional theories and perspectives of the North. Each student is encouraged to embrace this spirit of experimentation to bring materials and ideas from other disciplines and from their own wanderings through the political rather than being reliant on textbook views from on-high.
Since the end of the Cold War the overwhelming majority of conflicts in the world have been internal — often resulting from nationalist grievances and policies. This module will examine the causes of nationalist conflicts, as well as the various tools and policies adopted by international actors towards them. Throughout the module students will be encouraged to focus on a case study of their own choosing and to apply the more general theoretical and policy debates to their specific case in the weekly discussions and in their assessed coursework.
This course is designed to provide intellectual and analytical tools to understand the phenomenon of political Islam in contemporary world politics. Taking an in-depth perspective and highlighting the complex interaction between history, religion and politics, the module looks at the ideology and discourse of political Islam, examining its historical and intellectual origins as well as the reasons, implications, and effects of its evolution from its emergence in the early twentieth century to the Arab Spring and afterwards.
While offering an analysis of the main ideas and doctrines that have inspired Islamist theorists and movements, it critically examines key historical junctures in the complex development of Political Islam as a political force inside and outside the Middle East. The course will explore the variety and diversity of approaches of main Islamist organisations, from mainstream and domestic groups as the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Nahda and Hamas to the late emergence of global jihadism, al-Qaeda and Daesh.
Focus will also be given to the phenomenon of Islamic terror in Europe, and the debates about the social and political dynamics behind recent terrorist attacks. This module explores the origins and dynamics of conflict in Africa and evaluates interventions aimed at peace and political transformation. It examines the different forms of conflict that emerged on the continent in the post-Cold War period, including genocide, civil war, electoral violence and non-violent protests. It considers the political significance of the historical characteristics of the African state and social forces, and the influences of regional and international actors.
It draws on relevant theoretical debates on the drivers of conflict to inform the analysis of country case studies, and to identify critical issues such as ethnicity, resources, land grabbing, militarised masculinity, corruption and globalisation. It looks both at international interventions in peacebuilding, and at less visible initiatives by local actors.
The course provides an in-depth understanding of recent African experiences and offers insights into the wider problems of conflict and challenges for peacebuilding in the contemporary era. Immigration is rapidly emerging as one of the key concerns for public policy makers in the 21st century in Europe and beyond.
Net immigration levels to the United Kingdom and Europe have increased dramatically since the early s. This has spawned pressing questions about the impact on labour markets, public service provision, and community coherence. It also raises questions regarding national identity and assimilation. Whilst British policy-makers in the early s liberalised labour migration regulation, the resulting problems have led to rethinking immigration since.
These problems include downward pressure on wage levels, pressure on public services and housing, as well as rising concerns over immigrants refusing to integrate into mainstream society and partake in crime and religiously motivated acts of terrorism. Immigration has thus once again become a highly politicised policy domain. This course examines the politics and economics of immigration in the United Kingdom, with some consideration given to developments elsewhere in Europe.
In addition to the weekly lecture, there will also be weekly discussion- based seminar sessions for undergraduate students. This module focuses on the political and cultural economy of finance through the empirical lens of the global economy. It seeks to foster a deeper understanding of finance as a technical practice but also as a powerful transformative process that shapes politics and public policy.
Colonialism and imperialism were among the most important and defining processes of the last few centuries.
This module begins by looking at the colonising process before going on to introduce students to some of the ways in which the non-Western world confronted the violence and inequality of colonialism. This programme is mainly taught through scheduled learning - a mixture of lectures, seminars and workshops. This includes carrying out required and additional reading, preparing topics for discussion, and producing essays or project work.
These include coursework, examinations, group work and projects.
Find out more about how this information is calculated. This subject is built around glimpses of, and insights into, the lives of ordinary Chinese people and the rules and rituals that govern their existence. Students will discuss the ways everyday life was governed under socialism and the ways that control is now breaking down with the emergence of a consumer culture, enabling a close scrutiny of the politics of everyday life.